Archived Story

Clocks to ‘fall back’ on Sunday

Published 11:18pm Friday, November 1, 2013

By Peggy Blackburn
Outlook Staff Writer

Daylight Saving Time will end this weekend. Everyone is reminded to set their clocks back one hour before going to bed Saturday night since the official change will be Sunday at 2 a.m., when time will “fall back.”
This is the seventh straight year Daylight Saving Time will end on the first Sunday of November, but for the 20 years prior, DST started the first Sunday in April and ended the last Sunday in October.
In 2007, that schedule changed with Daylight Saving Time beginning three weeks earlier and continuing for an extra week.
That timetable is part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, with the modification aimed at saving energy.
Benjamin Franklin is credited with originating the idea of Daylight Saving Time, but it was many years after his initial suggestion before it was implemented.
Standard Time first went into effect in the United States and Canada in 1883 and was established by law in the U.S. in 1918. That act also created Daylight Saving Time, but the idea was unpopular and that portion of the act was repealed in 1919.
Daylight time was revived during World War II, and was in effect nationally from February 1942 through September 1945. From late 1945 through 1966, Daylight Saving Time was a matter for local governments.
Standardization came with the Uniform Time Act of 1966, providing that DST begin the last Sunday in April and end the last Sunday in October.
The “energy crisis” of 1974 and 1975, caused Daylight Saving Time to begin in January and February respectively; then reverted to the April start day in 1976.
A law passed in 1986, moved the starting date for DST to the first Sunday in April instead of the last. That change went into effect in 1987, a schedule that remained stable until 2007
Daylight time will end Nov. 3 this year.
In 2014, DST will start March 9 and conclude Nov. 2.